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Wayfaring Tree aphidOn this page: Identification & Distribution Biology & Ecology Other aphids on the same host
Identification & Distribution:
The aptera of Aphis lantanae is dark greenish-brown, and is not wax-powdered (see first picture below). Larger specimens have dark bands across tergites 6-8 and shorter bars on some or most of the other tergites. Their cauda is rather short and bluntly tapering. The body length of apterae is 1.5-2.1 mm.
The wayfaring tree aphid does not host alternate. It feeds on wayfaring tree (Viburnum lantana) living in curled leaves, on young stems or under senescing leaves. Aphis lantanae is a local species in Britain previously only recorded in Kent and Hertford, and now East Sussex. In continental Europe it has been found in France, Germany, Switzerland, the Czech Republic, Austria and Italy.
Biology & Ecology:
Aphis lantanae probably occurs in most places where its host, the wayfaring tree, is found. We have found it in two nearby locations on the South Downs in East Sussex. In one instance an alate was found larvipositing on a leaf.
On the other occasion we found colonies of aphids on the petioles of the developing fruit as shown below:
Each colony comprised a mixture of apterae and alates (see picture below).
As far as we know, no research has been carried out into the ecology of this species.
On the taxonomic side, Jorg & Lampel (1995) carried out vertical starch gel electrophoresis of members of the Aphis fabae complex including Aphis lantanae to find specific isozymic characters. Each of the 18 taxa investigated could be clearly identified by analysis of the banding patterns of 17 genetic loci.
Other aphids on same host:
Blackman & Eastop list 7 species of aphid as feeding on wayfaring tree (Viburnum lantana) worldwide, and provide formal identification keys.