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Brachycaudus helichrysi

Leaf-curling plum aphid

On this page: Identification & Distribution 

Identification & Distribution:

On its primary host, the adult aptera of Brachycaudus helichrysi (see first picture below) is variable in colour, ranging from yellow to green to brown, often shiny with a slight wax dusting. On its secondary hosts Brachycaudus helichrysi can be yellow, green, or almost white or pinkish. Their antennae are shorter than the body with dusky tips. The dorsum of the abdomen is without a black shield. Their siphunculi are pale, tapered and short - 0.8-2.0 times the length of the cauda. The cauda is pale, short and blunt. The body length of Brachycaudus helichrysi apterae is 0.9 - 2.0mm.

The clarified slide mounts below are of adult viviparous female Brachycaudus helichrysi (on primary host) : wingless, and winged.

Micrographs of clarified mounts  by permission of Roger Blackman, copyright AWP  all rights reserved.

The leaf-curling plum aphid host alternates between various plum (Prunus) species (especially domestic plum and blackthorn) and a wide range of Asteraceae such as asters, chrysanthemums, yarrow and groundsel. Brachycaudus helichrysi populations on red clover (Trifolium pratense) have been called var warei, but are not thought sufficiently distinct to warrant subspecific status. This aphid is a serious pest on fruit trees causing the leaves to roll up tightly perpendicular to their mid-rib (see second picture above).

Acknowledgements

Our particular thanks to Roger Blackman for images of his clarified slide mounts.

We have made provisional identifications from high resolution photos of living specimens, along with host plant identity. In the great majority of cases, identifications have been confirmed by microscopic examination of preserved specimens. We have used the keys and species accounts of Blackman & Eastop (1994)  and Blackman & Eastop (2006)  supplemented with Blackman (1974) , Stroyan (1977) , Stroyan (1984) , Blackman & Eastop (1984) , Heie (1980-1995) , Dixon & Thieme (2007)  and Blackman (2010) . We fully acknowledge these authors as the source for the (summarized) taxonomic information we have presented. Any errors in identification or information are ours alone, and we would be very grateful for any corrections. For assistance on the terms used for aphid morphology we suggest the figure  provided by Blackman & Eastop (2006).

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