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Genus Clypeoaphis

Amaranth aphids

On this page: Clypeoaphis   Clypeoaphis suaedae 

Clypeoaphis [Macrosiphini]

Clypeoaphis are small pale aphids. They have no antennal tubercles, and the front of the head is convex. The clypeus is dark and bulbous. The antennae are usually six segmented and much shorter than the body. The siphunculi are short, with a weak flange. The cauda is thumb shaped and longer than the siphunculi.

There are one or possibly two species Clypeoaphis that feed on members of the amaranth family (Amaranthanceae). They do not host alternate and are not attended by ants.

 

Clypeoaphis_suedeae (Sea-blite aphid)

Adult apterae of Clypeoaphis suaedae are pale olive-green and covered in mealy wax (see images below). The terminal process of the sixth antennal segment is slightly shorter than the base of that segment. The antennae of apterae have no secondary rhinaria whilst those of alatae have 4-7 on the third antennal segment.

 

The siphunculi are short, tubular or barrel shaped, much longer than their basal width and with a weak flange. The cauda is thumb shaped and longer than the siphunculi; its length is more than twice its basal width and it bears 4-9 hairs. Adult apterae are 1.2-1.6 mm long.

Clypeoaphis suaedae feeds on Chenopodiaceae, especially Suaeda maritima and Suaeda fruticosa. Oviparae and small apterous males are produced in autumn. It is found in Europe, the Middle East, North Africa, Central Asia and Korea.

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Acknowledgements

We have made provisional identifications from high resolution photos of living specimens, along with host plant identity. In the great majority of cases, identifications have been confirmed by microscopic examination of preserved specimens. We have used the keys and sp accounts of Blackman & Eastop (1994)  and Blackman & Eastop (2006)  supplemented with Blackman (1974) , Stroyan (1977) , Stroyan (1984) , Blackman & Eastop (1984) , Heie (1980-1995) , Dixon & Thieme (2007)  and Blackman (2010) . We fully acknowledge these authors as the source for the (summarized) taxonomic information we have presented. Any errors in identification or information are ours alone, and we would be very grateful for any corrections. For assistance on the terms used for aphid morphology we suggest the figure  provided by Blackman & Eastop (2006).

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