nk> Cryptomyzus ribis (Red currant aphid): identification, images, ecology, control
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Cryptomyzus ribis

Red currant aphid

On this page: Identification & Distribution Other aphids on the same host

Identification & Distribution:

Cryptomyzus ribis apterae on their primary host are whitish to pale green or yellowish often with a greenish median stripe. The antennae are about 1.2 times the body length, and the terminal process is 9.0-11.5 times the length of the base of antennal segment VI. The longest hair on antennal segment III is much shorter than the longest hair on the inner side of antennal segment I (see second micrograph below). Their dorsal hairs are thick and capitate. The siphunculi of Cryptomyzus ribis are more or less cylindrical (cf. Cryptomyzus korschelti which has the siphunculi distinctly swollen on the distal half). On their primary host the siphunculi are about 3-4 times the length of the cauda, but on the secondary host they are usually shorter relative to the length of the cauda (2.4 - 3.1 times). The body length of Cryptomyzus ribis apterae is 1.6-2.3 mm.

The alate Cryptomyzus ribis has a dorsal abdominal patch indented at the sides, and 31-47 secondary rhinaria on antennal segment III, 11-27 on segment IV and 1-10 on segment V. The micrographs below show (1) an adult aptera lateral view and (2) the hairs on antennal segments I-III.

The clarified slide mounts below are of adult viviparous female Cryptomyzus ribis (on primary host) : wingless, and winged.

Micrographs of clarified mounts by permission of Roger Blackman, copyright AWP all rights reserved.

The redcurrant aphid host alternates between redcurrant (Ribes rubrum) and woundworts (Stachys species). Raised leaf galls are produced on Ribes (see picture above) which are broadly open on the underside where the aphids live. The upperside of the gall turns bright red. Cryptomyzus ribis are found throughout Europe, Asia and North America, and can be a serious pest of currant bushes.

 

Other aphids on same host:

Primary hosts

Cryptomyzus ribis has been recorded from 26 Ribes species.

Secondary hosts

Cryptomyzus ribis has been recorded from 11 Stachys species.

Blackman & Eastop list 7 species of aphid as feeding on hedge woundwort (Stachys sylvatica) worldwide, and provide formal identification keys.

Of those aphid species, Baker (2015) lists 4 as occurring in Britain: Aulacorthum solani, Cryptomyzus galeopsidis, Cryptomyzus korschelti and Cryptomyzus ribis.

Acknowledgements

Our particular thanks to Roger Blackman for images of his clarified slide mounts.

We also thank Plumpton College and the staff at Plumpton College at Stanmer Park for their kind assistance, and permission to sample.

Whilst we make every effort to ensure that identifications are correct, we cannot absolutely warranty their accuracy. We have mostly made identifications from high resolution photos of living specimens, along with host plant identity. In the great majority of cases, identifications have been confirmed by microscopic examination of preserved specimens. We have used the keys and species accounts of Blackman & Eastop (1994) and Blackman & Eastop (2006) supplemented with Blackman (1974), Stroyan (1977), Stroyan (1984), Blackman & Eastop (1984), Heie (1980-1995), Dixon & Thieme (2007) and Blackman (2010). We fully acknowledge these authors as the source for the (summarized) taxonomic information we have presented. Any errors in identification or information are ours alone, and we would be very grateful for any corrections. For assistance on the terms used for aphid morphology we suggest the figure provided by Blackman & Eastop (2006).

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