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Aphidinae : Macrosiphini : Linosiphon galiophagum


Linosiphon galiophagum

Green bedstraw aphid

On this page: Identification & Distribution Other aphids on the same host

Identification & Distribution

Adult apterae of Linosiphon galiophagum (see first picture below) are rather small, slender, spindle-shaped, shiny green aphids (cf. Linosiphon asperulophagum on Asperula, which have the dorsum almost wholly brown or black). The antennal tubercles are well developed, diverging, and smooth. The antennae are yellowish at the base, getting darker towards the apex. They are much longer than the body, and with the terminal process about 5 times as long as the base of antennal segment VI. Antennal segment III bears a few, often small, secondary rhinaria (cf. Macrosiphium euphorbiae, which have no rhinaria on segment III). The antennal hairs are short, about 0.3-0.4 times the diameter of segment VI. The apical rostral segment (RIV+V) is 0.8-1.1 times the length of the base of antennal segment VI (cf. Linosiphon galii, which has RIV+V 0.6 to 0.7 times the base of antennal segment VI). The legs are mostly pale brownish yellow, but the tibiae have their apices dark brown. The siphunculi are more or less cylindrical, smooth, pale, greenish-yellow-brown becoming darker towards the apex, with a small distinct flange; they are about twice the length of the cauda. The cauda is rather slender, with usually 3 pairs of hairs and one dorso-apical hair. The body length of adult Linosiphon galiophagum apterae is 1.7-2.5 mm. Immatures (see second picture below) are quite thickly covered with a whitish-grey wax.

Linosiphon galiophagum alatae (not pictured) are shining green like the apterae, but with dark marginal abdominal and intersegmental pleural sclerites. There are no dark cross bands on the abdomen. They have 3-6 secondary rhinaria on antennal segment III. The wing veins are indistinctly bordered with brown.

The clarified slide mounts below are of an adult viviparous female Linosiphon galiophagum : wingless, and winged.

Micrographs of clarified mounts by permission of Roger Blackman, copyright AWP all rights reserved.

Linosiphon galiophagum are mostly found on white bedstraw (Galium mollugo), but they can be found on several other Galium species. They feed on the veins of the leaf undersides. The species is monoecious holocyclic with males recorded in Germany in October, although parthenogenetic individuals have also still been found in October. Linosiphon galiophagum is found over most of Europe as far south as Corsica and across Asia to west Siberia.


Other aphids on the same host

Linosiphon galiophagum has been recorded on 10 species of bedstraw (Galium aparine, Galium boreale, Galium glaucum, Galium intermedium, Galium mollugo, Galium palustre, Galium rotundifolium, Galium saxatile, Galium sylvaticum, Galium verum).


We have made provisional identifications from high resolution photos of living specimens, along with host plant identity. In the great majority of cases, identifications have been confirmed by microscopic examination of preserved specimens. We have used the keys and species accounts of Hille Ris Lambers (1939) Blackman & Eastop (1994) and Blackman & Eastop (2006) supplemented with Blackman (1974), Stroyan (1977), Stroyan (1984), Blackman & Eastop (1984), Heie (1980-1995), Dixon & Thieme (2007) and Blackman (2010). We fully acknowledge these authors as the source for the (summarized) taxonomic information we have presented. Any errors in identification or information are ours alone, and we would be very grateful for any corrections. For assistance on the terms used for aphid morphology we suggest the figure provided by Blackman & Eastop (2006).

Useful weblinks


  • Hille Ris Lambers, D. (1939). Contributions to a monograph of the Aphididae of Europe. II. The genera Dactynotus Rafinesque, 1818; Staticobium Mordvilko, 1914; Macrosiphum Passerini, 1860; Masonaphis Nov. Gen.; Pharalis Leach, 1826 Temminckia IV, 1-134.