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Aphidinae : Macrosiphini : Macrosiphoniella sanborni


Macrosiphoniella sanborni

Chrysanthemum aphid

On this page: Identification & Distribution Other aphids on the same host Damage & Control

Identification & Distribution

Adult apterae of Macrosiphoniella sanborni (see first picture below) are shiny with no wax powdering, and coloured dark red-brown to blackish brown. The antennae are dark except for the base of antennal segment III, and have 5-28 secondary rhinaria usually distributed over the entire length of antennal segment III (cf. Macrosiphoniella tanacetaria which has secondary rhinaria on antennal segment III restricted to the basal 0.6 or less). The base of antennal segment VI is 0.7-0.9 times the length of the apical rostral segment (RIV+V). The siphunculi are completely black (cf. Macrosiphoniella oblonga which has siphunculi which are mainly dark brown but paler at the base). The siphunculi are relatively short and thick, shorter than the black cauda, and with reticulation on the distal 0.6-0.8 of their length. The body length of adult Macrosiphoniella sanborni apterae is 1.0-2.3 mm. Immatures (see second picture below) are similarly coloured to the adults.

First image above copyright Marko Šćiban, all rights reserved.
Second image above copyright Jim Baker, North Carolina State University, under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 License.

The alate Macrosiphoniella sanborni is dark brown with well developed scleroites and marginal and antesiphuncular sclerites. The spinal scleroites on abdominal tergites I-III are fused into short cross bands. The clarified slide mounts below are of adult viviparous female Macrosiphoniella sanborni : wingless, and winged.

Micrographs of clarified mounts by permission of Roger Blackman, copyright AWP all rights reserved.

The chrysanthemum aphid is found on cultivated florists' chrysanthemums, namely Paris daisy ( Argyranthemum frutescens), Indian chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum indicum), and florist's daisy (Chrysanthemum mortifolium). Macrosiphoniella sanborni is of east Asian origin, where it also occurs on other Asteraceae such as Anthemis, Artemisia, and Aster. Sexual morphs are not known, and reproduction is entirely parthenogenetic. The distribution is cosmopolitan.


Other aphids on same host:

  • Macrosiphoniella sanborni has been recorded from 8 Artemisia species (Artemisia capillaris, Artemisia gmelinii, Artemisia japonica, Artemisia mongolica, Artemisia princeps, Artemisia stelleriana, Artemisia stolonifera, Artemisia vulgaris).

    Blackman & Eastop list 73 species of aphid (including 28 Macrosiphoniella species) as feeding on mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris) worldwide, and provide formal identification keys (Show World list). Of those aphid species, Baker (2015) lists 27 as occurring in Britain (Show British list).

  • Macrosiphoniella sanborni has been recorded from 4 Chrysanthemum species (Chrysanthemum coronarium, Chrysanthemum indicum, Chrysanthemum morifolium, Chrysanthemum segetum).

    Blackman & Eastop list 30 species of aphid as feeding on "florists' chrysanthemums" (Chrysanthemum indicum & Chrysanthemum morifolium) worldwide, and provide formal identification keys (Show World list). Of those aphid species, Baker (2015) lists 24 as occurring in Britain (Show British list).


Damage and control

Infestations of Macrosiphoniella sanborni on chrysanthemums result in loss of vigour, yellowing, premature leaf fall and stunted growth. In heavy infestations, the honeydew deposits secreted by the aphids favour the development of sooty moulds, and the aphids can transmit viral diseases. Control can be achieved with insecticides, but release of coccinellid larvae is more environmentally friendly.


We are extremely grateful to Marko Šćiban for the image of live Macrosiphoniella sanborni in Serbia, and to Mihajlo Tomic for putting us in touch with Marko.

We have made provisional identifications from high resolution photos of living specimens, along with host plant identity. In the great majority of cases, identifications have been confirmed by microscopic examination of preserved specimens. We have used the keys and species accounts of Blackman & Eastop (1994) and Blackman & Eastop (2006) supplemented with Blackman (1974), Stroyan (1977), Stroyan (1984), Blackman & Eastop (1984), Heie (1980-1995), Dixon & Thieme (2007) and Blackman (2010). We fully acknowledge these authors as the source for the (summarized) taxonomic information we have presented. Any errors in identification or information are ours alone, and we would be very grateful for any corrections. For assistance on the terms used for aphid morphology we suggest the figure provided by Blackman & Eastop (2006).

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